A childlike robot and a seal robot sit inactive on a table.
For some children on the autism spectrum, developing academic skills, as well as communication and social interaction skills can be a significant challenge.
Children with autism may sometimes be more engaged or at ease when interacting with technology, so digital tech is often used to support their education. While it’s generally considered safe and effective, there’s still a challenge to make sure children develop skills that are useable in the real world – not just in the virtual world.
This is where a little robot called Kaspar comes in.
Meet Kaspar, the friendly robot
Kaspar is a programmable, childlike robot developed by the University of Hertsfordshire in England for children with autism, and researchers from our Australian e-Health Research Centre have been trialling him in partnership with the University of New South Wales.
Our project lead, Dr David Silvera, says that while Kaspar might look a little unnerving to an adult, he’s actually appealing to children – and his limited facial expression helps them feel more comfortable with him.
“This is important, as we’re looking at whether he can help students develop their social and communication skills,” David says.
David and his team have written software modules for Kaspar. A therapist then sets the little robot up to act out certain behaviours or social situations, and children practice those situations with the robot – with the goal of helping them learn how to deal with similar social situations in real life.
Kaspar is one of five social robots David and his team have been trialling as tools in education and therapy, partnering with UNSW, Murray Bridge High School in SA, Queensland University of Technology and Autism Spectrum Australia (ASPECT). The other robots include Robotis, Nao, and Paro – Paro is a furry baby seal lookalike that responds to touch and sound that children can find relaxing.
What’s next for Kaspar and friends?
David and his team have done some of the longest evaluations of social robots in therapy and education with children and young adults with autism and intellectual delay.
Their long-term studies (24-month) show that robots have the potential to enrich the learning experiences of students. They become rewarding social partners, facilitating intrinsic interest through various levels of social communication and interaction. Humanoid robots, such as NAO and Kaspar, have been particularly beneficial for students with at least a basic level of cognition and verbal abilities, while PARO the robot seal was better suited for students in the lower end of cognition.
Most importantly, we’re starting to see some of this transfer to children’s interactions with other people.
We’ll keep collecting evidence and modifying the programs, so the robots are as beneficial as possible and easy for teachers and therapists to intergrate as part of their everyday classes and sessions, in the hope of making this technology as accessible as possible for schools around Australia someday.
This blog has been updated in June 2019 to reflect updates to the research.