By Kim Pullen – Australian National Insect Collection

Weevils in your cereal? Image: teejaybee/Flickr

Weevils in your cereal? Image: teejaybee/Flickr

In 1720, a J. Strype wrote in Stow’s Survey of London that those catering to the demand for a pint or two ‘commonly brewed with Wyvel Malt’. In other words, adjusting for modern spelling, their malt was infested with weevils—those tiny beetle pests that get into the pantry and eat holes in stored foodstuffs. There are rice weevils, maize weevils, granary weevils, bean weevils and pea weevils, and they may be sharing space in your food cupboard with various kinds of caterpillars, such as Indian meal moth larvae (which add insult to injury by webbing muesli together and leaving their micro-droppings everywhere).

Bean and pea ‘weevils’ aren’t real weevils: if you look at one closely, you’ll see they don’t have a beak—an extension of the head with the mouth at the end. To a pedantic taxonomist, a weevil must have a beak. This handy hole-boring apparatus lets the mother weevil sink a shaft into a tasty grain of wheat, or perhaps an acorn, a flower bud or the bark of a tree, to prepare a safe egg chamber for the next generation of weevil grubs. The beak innovation seems to have led to something of a bonanza in weevil evolution: coinciding with the rise of flowering plants, weevil biodiversity took off. These pointy-headed beetles now dominate the species lists, and there are few plants that don’t have weevils chewing on or boring into their leaves, buds, fruit, seeds, bark, stems, or even roots. And there are other weevils that specialise on fungi or rotting timber.

Insect with long beak

If size counts, the Great Pine Weevil is Australia’s champion weevil at 60 mm long, counting the beak of course. It’s a borer in native Araucaria pines.

Overworked museum entomologists have never been able to catch up with the task of putting scientific names to the multitude of weevil species. Globally, about 62 000 have been named, which leaves at least 140 000 species nameless if current estimates are accurate.

So, calling all potential weevil taxonomists! If you have an eye for detail, an interest in the diversity of small creatures and a way with (Latin) words, then this may be a job for you.


  1. I recall a couple of years ago that the Indian meal moth invaded my muesli for some time.

    As I keep my home made muesli in fully sealed containers I was at a loss to determine where the infestation came from.

    I also use a well known brand of traditional oatmeal as a base for my muesli. I was surprised to find that the meal moth had beaten me to it when I opened the next pack.

    I am reasonably sure that the infestation may have come from the manufacturer.

    Was it a coincidence that sticky surfaced moth catchers became available in the supermarkets at around this time?

    Ian Dennehy

    1. It is possible the oatmeal was already infested at purchase. Even a very small hole in the original container will allow a moth to insert eggs and get access that way. This could happen at any time after packaging, e.g. in pre-sale storage, on the shop shelf or in the home pantry. Supermarkets may sell moth traps on a seasonal basis, corresponding with the warmer months when moths will be expected to be more active. If the moth traps are a new stock item in the supermarket, this could indicate a general increase in prevalence of the moths.

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