Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander language groups from across Australia have partnered with us to document their seasonal calendars. An ABC TV series now showcases the communities involved in this work.

You already know spring, summer, autumn and winter in Australia. But did you know there are Indigenous seasonal calendars? They’re based on tens of thousands of years of observation and knowledge.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander language groups from across Australia have partnered with us to document their own seasonal calendars.

Indigenous seasonal calendars

We’ve co-produced an ABC TV series on this work: Many Lands, Many Seasons. The three episodes – about 10 minutes each – showcase different Indigenous seasonal calendars.

Dr Emma Woodward, our Senior Research Scientist, was the Project Lead on this series.

“The seasonal calendars demonstrate the wealth of knowledge that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in Australia hold about the environment,” Emma said.

These beautiful calendars were created in partnership with senior Aboriginal knowledge holders.

Indigenous seasonal calendars. Image of the seasonal calendar with fingers pointing at the middle image of a flower.
Indigenous language groups from across Australia have partnered with us to co-develop seasonal calendars.

Ziggi Busch is a Project Support Officer with our Office of Indigenous Engagement. She has worked to protect the calendars’ Indigenous Cultural and Intellectual Property (ICIP).

“The seasonal calendars in Many Lands, Many Seasons represent unique, powerful knowledge systems, developed and maintained from generation to generation,” Ziggi said.

“It is important the ICIP embedded in these calendars is respected and protected.”

Many Lands, Many Seasons

The series will be shown on ABC Me which is their channel for kids. It is also available on iView. And we’ll soon produce resources for teachers. Here is a taster of the series.

To request a transcript please contact us.

Nauiyu, Daly River, in the Northern Territory

First up, we’re visiting Nauiyu (Daly River) in the top end of the Northern Territory. We learn how Ngan’gikurunggurr people mark the seasons. They do this by paying attention to the weather and to the changes in behaviour of animals and plants. There are 13 seasons in the Ngan’gi calendar.

You’ve got to be aware of things around you. The seasons, the plants, which way the wind is blowing. Animals, trees that flower at a certain time, and people. Everyone matters. And without you being aware of all those things, you might not be as lucky in being in being able to catch whatever it is you’re going to be hunting that day

Miriam-Rose Ungunmerr Baumann, Nauiyu Elder.
Indigenous seasonal calendars cover the Fitzroy Valley. River scene from above with two boats and groups of Indigenous people.
The second episode focusses on the Fitzroy Valley in Western Australia. The Martuwarra (Fitzroy River) winds through the town of Fitzroy Crossing, 400km east of Broome.

Fitzroy Valley, in Western Australia

Next, we’re visiting the Fitzroy Valley in Western Australia. Here, the mighty Martuwarra (Fitzroy River) winds through the town of Fitzroy Crossing. This town is located 400 kilometres inland from Broome. In this episode, we explore the three seasonal calendars of the Walmajarri, Bunuba and Gooniyandi peoples.

Our scientists are our old people. We learn from them. They tell us what time to pick food and hunt, you know? Go fishing and go hunting… The flowers let us know when other animals or food is available.

Marmingee Hand, Walmajarri Language teacher at Fitzroy Valley District High School.
Map of Australia showing different language groups for Indigenous seasonal calendars.
Indigenous language groups from across Australia have partnered with us to co-develop seasonal calendars. This is important for sharing and learning about Indigenous knowledge and management of Country.

Gunbalanya, in the Northern Territory

In the third episode, the series’ host, Rulla Kelly-Mansell, heads to the Community of Gunbalanya in West Arnhem Land.

Gunbalanya is about 300 kilometres east of Darwin. And it’s one of the closest towns to Kakadu National Park. Here, Rulla learns all about the Kunwinjku seasons calendar and gets stuck into some delicious bush tucker.

We follow those seasons because we know exactly what to eat in quantities… following the food chain is important so we can eat our omega oils in our fish and our turtle and vitamins in our plums and yam… it’s important to us so our children can be healthy and our old people are healthy.

Heleana Yarrngu, teacher at the Gunbalanya School.


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